(PhysOrg.com) — China is planning high-speed rail networks in the next decade between China, Europe, the UK, Asia and India, with trains running at over 320 kph. Train passengers will be able to travel to Beijing from London’s King’s Cross station in only two days. Passengers boarding in London could travel to Singapore (10,800 km away) via Beijing in only three days. Wang Mengshu, a senior consultant on domestic railways in China, and a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said their goal was for trains to be running almost as fast as planes.The plans are for three networks. One would connect London and Beijing, traveling via the Channel Tunnel, then continuing on to Singapore, while the second would include Malaysia, Burma, Vietnam, and Thailand. The third would connect China to Russia, Germany and the European rail networks. Wang said they hoped all three networks could be completed within the next ten years, and that negotiations have already started with 17 nations affected by the projected networks, which would be the biggest infrastructure project in history. The rail networks would carry raw materials and other goods as well as passengers.Wang said the idea first came from other countries, particularly India, that wanted high-speed trains and hoped to benefit from China’s experience and technology. China is rapidly expanding its own railway network, building almost 30,500 kilometers of tracks over the next five years, and connecting all major cities in China with high-speed railways. The Harmony Express, the fastest train in the world, running at almost 400 kph, was unveiled last year to link Guangzhou and Wuhan. The train uses Kawasaki and Siemens technology, but was built entirely in China. Construction of the Asian network has already begun in the southern Yunnan province, and Burma is soon to start construction of its section of the network. China has offered to pay for the Burmese section in return for Burma’s rich lithium reserves. Prospecting and survey work has already been done for the European network, and there is already an agreement for a high-speed rail link across Siberia.The biggest issue in the project is money, which would be partly government money, partly bank loans, and the rest raised by the railways from private sector financing or the host countries. Wang said they would prefer host countries to pay in natural resources, as the Burmese are doing, rather than through capital investment. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: China planning high-speed rail networks to Asia, Europe and UK (2010, March 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-03-china-high-speed-rail-networks-asia.html © 2010 PhysOrg.com China unveils ‘world’s fastest train link’
Unlike installed anti-virus software, the new layer of protection will sit below a PC’s operating system, to detect modifications attempted by hidden malware, according to George Kurtz, McAfee’s CTO and executive vice-president. In sitting outside the operating system, the new software approach uses Intel’s “chip-level hooks” to look for the presence of malicious software such as rootkits.According to McAfee Labs, more than 1200 new rootkits are detected every day around the world, or 50 per hour every day. This is a security burden because of their ability to load and embed themselves at the kernel level of the operating system and they are difficult to spot. McAfee spokesmen said DeepSAFE veers from those current approaches that are actually based on “20+ year old techniques.”The technologies are becoming increasingly less effective, and “novel approaches are needed to effectively manage the increase in malware and other attacks.”DeepSAFE is designed to detect and block suspicious behaviors that are characteristic of many of those rootkits in real-time before they have a chance to spread.The future of security technology is going to have to move beyond the operating system, says a McAfee video presentation, in no uncertain terms, and should not be bound by the same OS rules as today, because rootkits are designed to hide themselves away from the OS. DeepSAFE is in beta. Products employing DeepSAFE technology are expected later this year. DeepSAFE is designed to work with Windows 7; McAfee anticipates DeepSAFE will work with Windows 8 on its release; McAfee is evaluating bringing the technology to Android mobile devices.The McAfee preview at this week’s Intel Developer Forum represents a significant show as well as to how the two companies will work together following Intel’s acquisition of McAfee for $7.68 billion in February. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2011 PhysOrg.com Explore further Intel completes McAfee acquisition More information: www.mcafee.com/us/resources/fa … psafe-technology.pdfwww.mcafee.com/us/solutions/mcafee-deepsafe.aspx Citation: Intel-McAfee preview new rootkit weapon (2011, September 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-09-intel-mcafee-preview-rootkit-weapon.html (PhysOrg.com) — Letting everyone know that today’s computing is no longer about running good anti-virus software, McAfee this week presented a new technology approach in computer protection called DeepSAFE, designed to combat the newer forms of deeply-rooted malware that embed themselves outside the operating system and go undetected. What is special about DeepSAFE is that it goes beyond the operating system to do “kernel-mode rootkit prevention,” according to McAfee, making the announcement at this week’s Intel Developer Forum in San Francisco.
Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Consumers have the choice of eating animal- or plant-based food products. Credit: PNAS (Phys.org)—A pair of researchers affiliated with both Virginia Polytechnic Institute and the U.S. Department of Agriculture has conducted an intriguing exercise—simulating the impact on the American diet and changes in greenhouse gas emissions if animal food products were completely eliminated from production, consumption and sale in the US. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Robin White and Mary Beth Hall describe how they built their simulation and what was revealed by running it. Explore further Over the past couple of decades, many inside and out of the science community have suggested that the United States and other countries would be better off if we all stopped eating animal products, e.g. meat, dairy, poultry, etc. Water and land used to grow animal feed, for example, could instead be used to grow human crop foods. Also, getting rid of all those animals would surely reduce the amount of greenhouse gases emitted, both from methane emitted directly from the animals and from exhaust emitted by tractors growing plants to feed the animals. But until now, no one has put this theory to the test. In this new effort, the researchers created their simulation by envisioning the U.S. as it is now, but without any animals grown to produce food products and no animal food products being imported into the country.After entering statistics related to crops grown for feed, water used grow it, estimates of methane emitted and multiple other factors, the researchers ran the simulation and analyzed resulting data. Removing animals from the food business, they report, resulted in 23 percent more food grown for human consumption due to conversion of land currently used for feed production to crops for human consumption. But still, even with all that new food, the researchers also found that if all Americans switched to a vegan diet, there would be mass deficiencies in minerals, vitamins and fatty acids among the populace. They also note that approximately 16 million people are employed in the animal food business, which they did not add to their simulation, but which would have to be accounted for in real-world estimations. They also found that there would be a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (approximately 28 percent), but not as much as expected due to the need to synthesize fertilizers to replace those created by farm animals. They suggest their simulation shows that adopting a strategy to benefit society, even one that seems simple at the outset, may not be as clear-cut as it might seem. Researchers seek to quantify global benefits of reduced meat diet This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2017 Phys.org Citation: Simulating a meat-free America (2017, November 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-11-simulating-meat-free-america.html More information: Robin R. White et al. Nutritional and greenhouse gas impacts of removing animals from US agriculture, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1707322114AbstractAs a major contributor to agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it has been suggested that reducing animal agriculture or consumption of animal-derived foods may reduce GHGs and enhance food security. Because the total removal of animals provides the extreme boundary to potential mitigation options and requires the fewest assumptions to model, the yearly nutritional and GHG impacts of eliminating animals from US agriculture were quantified. Animal-derived foods currently provide energy (24% of total), protein (48%), essential fatty acids (23–100%), and essential amino acids (34–67%) available for human consumption in the United States. The US livestock industry employs 1.6 × 106 people and accounts for $31.8 billion in exports. Livestock recycle more than 43.2 × 109 kg of human-inedible food and fiber processing byproducts, converting them into human-edible food, pet food, industrial products, and 4 × 109 kg of N fertilizer. Although modeled plants-only agriculture produced 23% more food, it met fewer of the US population’s requirements for essential nutrients. When nutritional adequacy was evaluated by using least-cost diets produced from foods available, more nutrient deficiencies, a greater excess of energy, and a need to consume a greater amount of food solids were encountered in plants-only diets. In the simulated system with no animals, estimated agricultural GHG decreased (28%), but did not fully counterbalance the animal contribution of GHG (49% in this model). This assessment suggests that removing animals from US agriculture would reduce agricultural GHG emissions, but would also create a food supply incapable of supporting the US population’s nutritional requirements.
FACT CHECK: Did Harry Truman Really Try To Buy Greenland… by NPR News Philip Ewing 8.22.19 8:55am President Trump defended the idea of buying Greenland — derided by critics within the United States and rejected by Denmark, which controls it — in part by saying the idea first came from President Harry Truman.Is that so?The short answer: Yes — but it’s complicated.The long answer: Trump’s acknowledgment that he really has been talking about the United States buying Greenland — and that he was offended when Denmark’s prime minister called the idea “absurd” — were the jaw-dropping coda from an Aug. 16 report in The Wall Street Journal.The newspaper reported that the Greenland idea has been a pet project of Trump’s for some time. Once it broke into the open, Trump not only owned up to the idea, but said he was wounded when Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen rejected it as beneath consideration.”I thought the prime minister’s statement … was nasty,” Trump said on Wednesday. “It was not a nice way of doing it. She could have just said ‘no, we’d rather not do it’ … they can’t say ‘how absurd.’ “Trump sought to make the case that his plan to buy Greenland was not, in fact, absurd, because he wasn’t the first to come up with the idea. The administration of President Harry Truman pitched a sale to Copenhagen in 1946, in a story told in documents contained in the National Archives and revealed in 1991 by The Associated Press.But the Truman administration did so under Cold War secrecy and no one learned about it for decades. There was no open bid and rejection as with Trump’s attempt.From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the AdriaticThe situation in Truman’s time also was very different for other reasons.A dangerous chill was settling between the United States and the Soviet Union following the conclusion of war in Europe. Truman and his Soviet counterparts were arranging pieces on a strategic chessboard for what would become the Cold War.That’s why, according to the AP’s account of the National Archives papers, Truman’s advisers prized the geographic advantage Greenland could afford to defend against Soviet strategic bombers that might fly over the Arctic Circle toward targets in North America.The United States opened negotiations with Denmark about using Greenland, and at one point, the American side proposed buying the island outright for $100 million in gold and the rights to a patch of Alaskan oil.All this took place in confidence but even then — as now — the idea shocked the Danes. Here’s how the AP’s W. Dale Nelson described the National Archive documents’ account of the exchange: Secretary of State James Byrnes made the offer to visiting Danish Foreign Minister Gustav Rasmussen in New York on Dec. 14, 1946, according to a telegram from Byrnes to the U.S. Legation in Copenhagen.After discussing other security arrangements for Greenland, Byrnes said he told Rasmussen that perhaps an outright sale to the United States ″would be the most clean-cut and satisfactory.″″Our needs … seemed to come as a shock to Rasmussen, but he did not reject my suggestions flatly and said that he would study a memorandum which I gave him,″ he said.”Ultimately, the U.S. and Danish governments agreed on other ways to incorporate Greenland into America’s defenses. Washington’s use of global diplomacy was able to get the access the Truman administration wanted without an outright sale, and Greenland remains a self-governing overseas territory of Denmark.NATO, Project Iceworm and the Thule MonitorOne milestone was the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949, in which the United States and Denmark were founding allies. NATO’s goal was for Western European countries to stand together with the United States against the Soviet Union; an attack on one would be considered an attack on them all.Another was with bilateral agreements between the United States and Denmark over access to Greenland.In the 1960s, the U.S. Army explored using glacial ice on the island as the base for strategic missiles aimed at the Soviet Union.Although it ultimately didn’t deploy any missiles, the Army did build a top secret, nuclear-powered base on the ice pack as part of that project. The base, Camp Century, was abandoned and sank and one day it could be in danger of being exposed by melting ice.Strategic Air Command also used Thule Air Base, on the northeast coast of the island, as an important outpost in the strategic contest with the Soviets.The base not only hosted nuclear-armed strategic bombers, it also served as a high-stakes tripwire. American commanders’ expectation was that Thule’s proximity might make it the first base that Soviet forces would attack in a war. So America’s strategic posture within the continental United States was positioned to go on high alert if contact was lost with the remote station.In the 1960s, B-52 Stratofortress bombers armed with thermonuclear weapons flew a nonstop orbit near the base — as the “Thule Monitor” — poised to race toward the Soviet Union in case of an attack on the station.That was until 1968, when the aircraft serving as the Thule Monitor developed a cockpit fire, prompting its crew to bail out. The bomber crashed into the Arctic glaciers and spread radioactive material from the weapons it was carrying; American taxpayers paid tens of millions of dollars to try to remediate the contamination.Although that incident helped prompt American commanders to change their practices with live nuclear weapons, Thule has remained an important installation for the U.S. Air Force.Today it’s the home to ballistic missile and space warning sensors and the world’s northernmost deep water port, the Air Force says.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. Keystone
The capital will fete the spirit of the moment with a 10-day Spring Fever literature festival that will see top writers like Vikram Seth, Ramachandra Guha, Shobhaa De, Gulzar and Mira Nair brainstorm on politics, society, culture and entertainment.The event – the first open air festival created four years ago – will be held at the amphitheatre of the India Habitat Centre here 15-24 March.Like every year, the centre of attraction will be an open air library that will display Penguin-India’s fiction and non-fiction titles for readers to browse. It is designed to raise awareness about literature and inculcate the culture of reading to counter the influence of television among new segments of the audience like children and the upwardly mobile young. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Hemali Sodhi, Penguin India’s vice president for marketing, said this year’s Spring Fest was ‘bigger and better, showcasing the best of Indian publishing’.‘The festival will celebrate the power of stories, the joys of readings and the incredible world of words through the open air library, readings, conversations, book launches, previews and music,’ Sodhi added.The focus this year is on food and mass entertainment fiction with chef Vikas Khanna, restaurateur Monish Gujral and writers like Gulzar, Shobbaa De, Durjoy Datta and Nikita Singh discussing their work and debating on kebabs, love, story-telling, movies and personal re-connections.The festival will begin with a ‘Shobhaa De Unplugged’ session at which the writer will speak about her journey.On 19 March, writer Ramachandra Guha will present an exclusive preview from his new book, Gandhi Before India. Vikram Seth will read from his illustrated volume, Beastly Tales from Here and There. DETAILDates: 15 to 24 March Venue: Amphittheatre, India Habitat Centre
Our Correspondent Kolkata: The women’s wing of Trinamool Congress will organise a rally in the city on the birthday of BR Ambedkar on Saturday, to protest against unconstitutional activities in the country.Trinamool Congress will observe the birthday of the architect of the country’s Constitution across the state and at the same time, a rally will be organised in Kolkata, protesting against the gruesome rape and murder of an 8-year-old Kathua girl in Jammu and Kashmir and other incidents which are taking place by going against the Constitution. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe rally will also be held to protest against BJP, which is trying to shield such crimes.The rally in Kolkata will be held from the statue of BR Ambedkar and it will end at the statue of Gandhiji.Chandrima Bhattacharya, president of the women’s wing of Trinamool Congress, said: “Trinamool Congress workers will observe the birthday of the architect of the Constitution of our country, BR Ambedkar, across the state.”She said that at the same time, there will be a rally in the city on Saturday, protesting against different unconstitutional activities which are taking place in the country. “The rally will start at 3.30 pm from the statue of BR Ambedkar and it will end at the statue of Gandhiji, who is the symbol of peace, harmony and equality,” she added. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedBhattacharya said: “There have been repeated incidents in the country that have left a deep mark on the society. We are ashamed by the gruesome incident in which an 8-year-old girl was murdered after being tortured. We are condemning the incident and BJP is trying to hide such an incident. They are giving shelter to those behind the incident, when the entire country has stood against it. We have also seen what has taken place in Uttar Pradesh. There, a girl had attempted self-immolation in front of the house of the Chief Minister, after failing to bear torture. Later, it was found that her father was killed and he had died in police custody.”She further said that the rally in the city will be held at such a time that it doesn’t cause inconvenience to people, as there is also an IPL match scheduled to be held in Kolkata on that day.
To celebrate the timeless glory of Urdu, Rekhta foundation, which has curated the largest online anthology of Urdu poetry in the world, brings you Jashn-e-Rekhta: Celebrating Urdu, a two-day festival in Delhi. Organised in collaboration with the India International Center (IIC), the festival aims to celebrate and explore the spirit of Urdu – its lyrical beauty and rich eloquence. For two festive days, some of Urdu’s finest masters will converge to celebrate Urdu through live performances, recitations, dastangoi, musical renditions, mushaira, dramas, panel discussions, film screenings and interactive sessions. Adding to the conviviality, an outdoor fete will host book exhibitions, calligraphy art, ghazals ,nukkad-nataks and more. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’More than 60 renowned personalities will be speaking and performing in the Capital. 26 sessions showcasing various facets of Urdu by connoisseurs of the language. Transcending borders, Jashn-e-Rekhta brings together distinguished poets, authors and artistes not only from across India, but also from Pakistan and the US. Distinguished names, such as Javed Akhtar, Zia Mohyeddin, Rekha Bhardwaj, Ustad Hamid Ali Khan, Gopi Chand Narang, Ashok Vajpayee, Muzaffar Ali, Nida Fazli and Purushottam Agrawal amongst many others, will come together to bring alive Urdu’s timeless splendor and its rich, linguistic heritage. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixWhat makes this festival unique is that the Jashn aspires to engage, enlighten and entertain audiences from diverse backgrounds. Sanjiv Saraf, founder of Rekhta.org and the main force behind the festival says, “Jashn-e-Rekhta is a platform to showcase the world of Urdu through the eyes and experience of the masters. We aim to reach out to both the Urdu speaking and the non-Urdu speaking audience.” For Saraf, whose interest in Urdu led him to undertake the colossal task of bringing together the language’s works under one roof, Rekhta is a labour of love. What started as a personal passion, soon grew into a desire to not only collect Urdu works, but also to make them accessible to the public. Rekhta’s indefatigable efforts seem to have borne fruit. In the two short years since its inception, Rekhta has become a priceless repository of Urdu works. From Urdu magazines, literature, ebooks and trans-lations to thousands of ghazals, nazms, and shers, Rekhta has become an invaluable resource. The works, which can be viewed in Urdu, Devanagari or Roman scripts, have been sourced from all over the world and been painstakingly digitised and translated. “Jashn-e-Rekhta”, says Saraf, “is in keeping with the spirit of the Rekhta foundation, which is to bring Urdu and its timeless beauty into the realm of public consciousness.” The festival is being held on the 14th and 15th of March. Entry is free.
The onset of summers brings to cultural calendars a much-awaited spirit of festivities, and one such celebration of the season will cheer the quintessential Punjabi in the Capital. With the second edition of Mela Phulkari, get ready to let loose your hair, flaunt that decorative parandhi and guzzle down frothing glasses of lassi. The event brings to the Capital, apart from the intricate and ubiquitous tradition of Phulkari, the heartland and spirit of Punjab through the colours, stories, history, traditions and craftsmanship of the state. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’This year, the art of Phulkari , known for its ‘flower’ technique and an unmatchable emotion running through every seam, will flow through the metaphorical energy of the state’s five rivers. The festival’s theme is the convergence of these five facets, each exhibit bringing together the geographical and cultural diversity and richness on one platform. Taking an old story and contemporising it to suit the aesthetic sensibilities of urban India, Mela Phulkari is more than a project; it draws inspiration from the past to recreate a future for artistic expression. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixLast year, the Capital saw the traditional Punjabi home ethos manifest at India Habitat Centre, complete with the ‘veda’, courtyard, manji, bed, baghs, scrolls, stoles and shirts. The second edition refines the concept further. Ideated and put together by a multi-faceted group of 1469 along with artists and designers from across the country, art installations will welcome the visitors with their visually dynamic stories. The fest is also proud to feature works of designers from Pearl Academy Delhi, NIIFT Mohali, NIFT Delhi, Punjab-based artistes and potters from Auroville. The stage is set with essentials such as a welcome glass of lassi, decorated chairs depicting the culture of ‘welcoming and hospitality’ in Punjab, or a quintessential and antique tanga (cart) that plays recordings of tanga tales. A doli brings to the imagination the traditional Panjabi wedding ritual (created by NIFT Mohali), while the iconic image of Shaheed Bhagat Singh is seen through portraits created with wooden blocks (created by artist Jagdeep Singh from Nakodar); metal artist Tanushree’s recreation of old chests and wooden doors with engraved blocks of Gurmukhi script created by 1469, add to the nostalgia. Other attractions include patch-work garments inspired by traditional antique baghs (embroidered wall hangings), paintings that employ pop art style, artwork inspired by oral folk traditions, and brass tapes intertwined into labyrinthine structures.Apart from the exhibition, one will find products on sale such as artefacts, clothes, decorative items, accessories such as parandhis and, most importantly, Phulkari in all its glory. A ramp show of phulkari products made by concept 1469 will add to the spunk. There will also be cultural Trinjan, wherein women vocal artistes from Punjab will sing the famous Suhaag de Geet.There is also the performance by Jasbir Jassi and by other punjabi singers. ?Talks and demonstrations will run throughout the duration of the exhibition. Leading experts who serve as faculties in top Indian design institutes, such as Rahul Jain and Kanwarjit Singh Kang, will be addressing the audience. Says Alka Pande (curator of the exhibition ), “Mela Phulkari is a cultural construct, which includes not just the living tradition of Punjab, but goes beyond the art of making, of craft and art. It encompasses the philosophy of life, myths , legends and allegories, of the dreams and aspirations particularly of the women of this agriculturally fertile land.”When: On till April 8Where: Open Palm Court, India Habitat Centre Timing: 10 am – 8 pm
Kolkata: Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) is going to conduct a drive against the roadside eateries and restaurants who do not possess food licence from the civic body.Atin Ghosh, Member and Mayor-in-Council (MMIC) Health at the KMC said it will be made mandatory for all the restaurant owners and street food centers to have food licence.Those who already have food licence from the civic body must be put on display against the wall while those having no such licence will be given a dead line of three months, within which they have to obtain license from the KMC, Ghosh said. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsHe also said the KMC will take an undertaking from the food stall owners and restaurants who do not have any food licence yet.The health officials of the KMC will also conduct raids at the food stalls on streets and collect samples for quality check.A list will be prepared containing the names of the restaurants, which posses the food licence and those which do not. All the street food stalls will have to get their registration done. The health department of the KMC will also assess whether the food stalls deserve registration. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedGhosh said the food safety inspectors will visit various food stalls and collect samples for tests. The inspectors will be given a target to visit a certain number of stalls per month. If any stall fails to meet the quality parameters, strict action will be taken against the stall owners.He also said that the health department officials have collected samples of apples from Paikpara area under ward number 4 of the KMC and sent them to laboratory.It may be mentioned here that some apples were found having a wax coating from the area. The KMC are also trying to identify the areas where such incidents might be occurring.
In a bid to avoid unwanted controversy over the mega event, dialogue form, at Central Park in Connaught Place, organised by the AAP led government on its completion of 100 days, Deputy Commissioner, New Delhi has sent the permission letter to Delhi Police at the last minute, seeking NOC to conduct the event on Monday.Delhi Police was already on alert once they learned of the event. The tussle game between the Delhi government and Delhi Police is a known fact, which is why till late Sunday evening, the organiser did not seek permission from Delhi Police. However, the organiser had taken permission from the New Delhi